Drones are dynamic machines with an increasingly wide-spread sphere of influence. They are used in many different industries to serve a lot of purposes and solve problems as they arise.
Presently, agriculture appears to be the field that employs the use of drones the most, and for good reason too.
A very large percentage of farm produce are fruits harvested from trees, trees that over the years have grown taller than the farmers that planted and grew them.
Grapes growing on vines cannot be seen clearly and observed from a far distance, this makes adopting an extra mechanism necessary for farmers who would like to know the condition of their fruits.
Nowadays, plants and crops are monitored by drones, small, unmanned, aerial vehicles which take pictures and videos that can be seen and observed by a ground-based controller.
Even though all crops have a known, estimated maturation time attached to each of them, they do not all flower and bear fruits at the same time, and therefore the fruits cannot possibly ripen all at once.
For maximum profit, a farmer needs to constantly monitor his crops to determine which ones are ripe enough for harvest and which ones are not.
This process can be very stressful to carry out manually, especially for large scale farmers who have many acres of crops.
It is also very difficult to determine the ripeness of a fruit on a tall tree by just looking up at it.
Drones, with their accompanying point and shoot cameras coupled with a GPS solve this problem perfectly as they not only take aerial pictures of the crops, but also provide information on the exact location of the pictures taken.
This helps the farmers to know which fruits are ripe and where exactly they are.
Drones prevent loss and wastage of farm produce and money by helping farmers to harvest their crops at the right time.
Harvesting too early or too late has severe implications for farmers. Harvesting too early would result in wastage of unripe fruits and incur extra expenses if the farmer considers artificial ripening of fruits as an option to make their fruits more marketable.
Harvesting too late might lead to decay of perishable farm products and loss of money that could have been made from their sales.
In the case of competition from other farmers, late harvesting would cause late arrival of farm produce at the market and reduce the chances of the crops being sold as there would be very little demand for the products because they have been supplied by other farmers.
Ripening of fruits and timing of harvest is only one of the many merits of the use of drones in agriculture.
Drones can also be used by farmers to monitor their crops and watch out for other details such as outbreak of diseases and destruction of crops by pests.
When crops are constantly monitored by drones, diseases would be discovered in time and curtailed to avoid a spread of the diseases to other crops.
At low cost and little demand for physical exertion, farmers can use drones as monitoring devices for their farms, thus reducing loss and maximizing profit.
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